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This is a development version  of Samba, the free SMB and CIFS client and
server for unix and other operating systems. Samba is maintained by
the Samba Team, who support the original author, Andrew Tridgell.

>>>> Please read THE WHOLE of this file as it gives important information
>>>> about the configuration and use of Samba.

NOTE: Installation instructions may be found in 

This software is freely distributable under the GNU public license, a
copy of which you should have received with this software (in a file
called COPYING). 


This is a big question. 

The very short answer is that it is the protocol by which a lot of
PC-related machines share files and printers and other informatiuon
such as lists of available files and printers. Operating systems that
support this natively include Windows NT, OS/2, and Linux and add on
packages that achieve the same thing are available for DOS, Windows,
VMS, Unix of all kinds, MVS, and more. Apple Macs and some Web Browsers
can speak this protocol as well.  Alternatives to SMB include
Netware, NFS, Appletalk, Banyan Vines, Decnet etc; many of these have
advantages but none are both public specifications and widely
implemented in desktop machines by default.

The Common Internet Filesystem (CIFS) is what the new SMB initiative
is called. For details watch http://samba.org/cifs.


1. Many people want to integrate their Microsoft or IBM style desktop
   machines with their Unix or VMS (etc) servers.

2. Others want to integrate their Microsoft (etc) servers with Unix
   or VMS (etc) servers. This is a different problem to integrating
   desktop clients.

3. Others want to replace protocols like NFS, DecNet and Novell NCP,
   especially when used with PCs.


Here is a very short list of what samba includes, and what it does. For
many networks this can be simply summarised by "Samba provides a complete
replacement for Windows NT, Warp, NFS or Netware servers."

- a SMB server, to provide Windows NT and LAN Manager-style file and print 
  services to SMB clients such as Windows 95, Warp Server, smbfs and others.

- a NetBIOS (rfc1001/1002) nameserver, which amongst other things gives 
  browsing support. Samba can be the master browser on your LAN if you wish.

- a ftp-like SMB client so you can access PC resources (disks and
printers) from unix, Netware and other operating systems

- a tar extension to the client for backing up PCs

- limited command-line tool that supports some of the NT administrative
  functionality, which can be used on Samba, NT workstation and NT server.

For a much better overview have a look at the web site at
http://samba.org/samba, and browse the user survey.

Related packages include:

- smbfs, a linux-only filesystem allowing you to mount remote SMB
filesystems from PCs on your linux box. This is included as standard with
Linux 2.0 and later.

- tcpdump-smb, a extension to tcpdump to allow you to investigate SMB
networking problems over netbeui and tcp/ip.

- smblib, a library of smb functions which are designed to make it
easy to smb-ise any particular application. See


If you want to contribute to the development of the software then
please join the mailing list. The Samba team accepts patches
(preferably in "diff -u" format, see docs/BUGS.txt for more details)
and are always glad to receive feedback or suggestions to the address
samba-bugs@samba.org. We have recently put a new bug tracking
system into place which should help the throughput quite a lot. You
can also get the Samba sourcecode straight from the CVS tree - see

If you like a particular feature then look through the CVS change-log
(on the web at http://build.samba.org/) and see
who added it, then send them an email.

Samba Team
26 Carstensz St
Griffith, A.C.T.
2603 Australia



There is quite a bit of documentation included with the package,
including man pages, and lots of .txt files with hints and useful
info. This is also available from the web page. There is a growing
collection of information under docs/faq; by the next release expect
this to be the default starting point.

A list of Samba documentation in languages other than English is
available on the web page.

If you would like to help with the documentation (and we _need_ help!)
then have a look at the mailing list samba-docs, archived at


There is a mailing list for discussion of Samba. To subscribe send
mail to listproc@samba.org with a body of "subscribe samba Your Name"
Please do NOT send this request to the list alias instead.

To send mail to everyone on the list mail to samba@listproc.anu.edu.au

There is also an announcement mailing list where new versions are
announced.  To subscribe send mail to listproc@samba.org with a
body of "subscribe samba-announce Your Name". All announcements also
go to the samba list.

For details of other Samba mailing lists and for access to archives, see


You might also like to look at the usenet news group
comp.protocols.smb as it often contains lots of useful info and is
frequented by lots of Samba users. The newsgroup was initially setup
by people on the Samba mailing list. It is not, however, exclusive to
Samba, it is a forum for discussing the SMB protocol (which Samba
implements). The samba list is gatewayed to this newsgroup.


A Samba WWW site has been setup with lots of useful info. Connect to:


As well as general information and documentation, this also has searchable 
archives of the mailing list and a user survey that shows who else is using
this package. Have you registered with the survey yet? :-)

Icon  Name                                  Last modified      Size  
[DIR] Parent Directory - [DIR] HOWTO/ 25-Feb-2005 18:43 - [DIR] SMB-info/ 19-Aug-1997 04:41 - [DIR] cifs-cvs/ 10-Dec-2008 23:17 - [DIR] cifs-utils/ 13-Mar-2018 14:46 - [DIR] contributed/ 13-Sep-2012 19:33 - [DIR] docs/ 17-Aug-2007 16:00 - [DIR] expired-gpg-keys/ 18-Jan-2007 20:15 - [DIR] logos/ 15-Jan-2000 09:11 - [DIR] misc/ 14-Mar-2018 11:38 - [DIR] old-versions/ 07-Feb-2013 14:40 - [DIR] pam_ntdom/ 11-Sep-2000 06:22 - [DIR] pam_smb/ 06-Sep-2003 08:05 - [DIR] patches/ 29-Oct-2019 10:15 - [DIR] pre/ 14-Oct-2014 22:25 - [DIR] pwdump/ 30-Sep-2012 23:06 - [DIR] rc/ 11-Sep-2019 08:46 - [DIR] seclib/ 08-Dec-1999 03:05 - [DIR] slides/ 21-Jul-2015 19:42 - [DIR] smb2www/ 04-Aug-1998 21:03 - [DIR] smbedit/ 20-Jun-1999 22:17 - [DIR] smblib/ 19-Aug-1997 04:41 - [DIR] snapshot/ 30-Dec-1997 16:53 - [DIR] specs/ 22-Aug-2005 11:56 - [DIR] stable/ 29-Oct-2019 10:15 - [DIR] tcpdump-smb/ 24-Jul-2000 12:49 - [DIR] tsig-gss/ 09-Aug-2008 06:07 - [DIR] xfertest/ 13-Dec-1998 01:57 - [   ] .message 09-Dec-1998 00:13 49 [TXT] COPYING 21-Oct-2009 11:49 34K [TXT] DOWNLOADING 24-Jul-2002 10:08 640 [TXT] LATEST-IS-SAMBA-4.11.2 29-Oct-2019 10:15 0 [TXT] README 31-Mar-2011 22:43 5.9K [TXT] samba-3.0.37.tar.asc 01-Oct-2009 10:07 189 [   ] samba-3.0.37.tar.gz 01-Oct-2009 10:07 22M [TXT] samba-3.2.15.tar.asc 01-Oct-2009 10:05 189 [   ] samba-3.2.15.tar.gz 01-Oct-2009 10:05 23M [TXT] samba-3.3.16.tar.asc 26-Jul-2011 19:26 190 [   ] samba-3.3.16.tar.gz 26-Jul-2011 19:26 24M [TXT] samba-3.4.17.tar.asc 30-Apr-2012 14:22 190 [   ] samba-3.4.17.tar.gz 30-Apr-2012 14:22 33M [TXT] samba-3.5.22.tar.asc 05-Aug-2013 09:34 190 [   ] samba-3.5.22.tar.gz 05-Aug-2013 09:34 34M [TXT] samba-3.6.25.tar.asc 23-Feb-2015 11:14 173 [   ] samba-3.6.25.tar.gz 23-Feb-2015 11:14 33M [TXT] samba-4.0.26.tar.asc 06-May-2015 21:17 181 [   ] samba-4.0.26.tar.gz 06-May-2015 21:17 21M [TXT] samba-4.2.14.tar.asc 07-Jul-2016 10:47 173 [   ] samba-4.2.14.tar.gz 07-Jul-2016 10:47 20M [TXT] samba-4.3.13.tar.asc 09-Dec-2016 12:13 173 [   ] samba-4.3.13.tar.gz 09-Dec-2016 12:12 20M [TXT] samba-4.4.16.tar.asc 13-Sep-2017 20:29 195 [   ] samba-4.4.16.tar.gz 13-Sep-2017 20:28 20M [TXT] samba-4.5.16.tar.asc 12-Mar-2018 13:12 195 [   ] samba-4.5.16.tar.gz 12-Mar-2018 13:11 20M [TXT] samba-4.6.16.tar.asc 13-Aug-2018 09:27 195 [   ] samba-4.6.16.tar.gz 13-Aug-2018 09:27 20M [TXT] samba-4.7.12.tar.asc 26-Nov-2018 09:45 224 [   ] samba-4.7.12.tar.gz 26-Nov-2018 09:45 16M [TXT] samba-4.8.12.tar.asc 07-May-2019 12:37 224 [   ] samba-4.8.12.tar.gz 07-May-2019 12:37 17M [TXT] samba-4.9.15.tar.asc 24-Oct-2019 12:39 224 [   ] samba-4.9.15.tar.gz 24-Oct-2019 12:39 17M [TXT] samba-4.10.10.tar.asc 24-Oct-2019 12:17 224 [   ] samba-4.10.10.tar.gz 24-Oct-2019 12:16 17M [TXT] samba-4.11.2.tar.asc 24-Oct-2019 11:33 224 [   ] samba-4.11.2.tar.gz 24-Oct-2019 11:33 18M [TXT] samba-latest.tar.asc 24-Oct-2019 11:33 224 [   ] samba-latest.tar.gz 24-Oct-2019 11:33 18M [TXT] samba-pubkey.asc 04-Jun-2019 11:01 5.2K [TXT] samba-pubkey_6F33915B6568B7EA.asc 04-Jun-2019 11:01 5.2K [TXT] samba-pubkey_6F33915B6568B7EA.asc.bak 08-May-2017 10:40 5.1K

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